My Keyboard SetupEvan Travers
I use my keyboard to control my computer as much as possible. By using a keyboard to navigate, launch, and manage your applications and data, you can be faster and more accurate than with just a mouse because you can put combinations and chords into your muscle memory.
Here’s more information than you ever wanted to know.
Controlling your keyboard
I used to remap tons of things on my keyboards, but I’ve worked it down to two
main ones: I need my keyboard to have a
CTRL key where Caps Lock normally is
(inspired by “Modern Space Cadet” by Steve
Losh) and I need an
F19 key to fire off a second layer of “Hyper” key chords.
That special Hyper Key goes to some program that can change it into the
CMD+SHIFT+OPT+CTRL… which is not used anywhere else in the
OS. That way I can be sure when I define a shortcut I’m not overriding anything
I use karabiner elements to remap my built in laptop keyboard. I use QMK to rewrite the firmware for all my mechanical keyboards, so they “natively” have an F19. Both configurations put the F19 as the bottom left key on the keyboard, where FN usually goes.
My hyper key does a few things: launches/focuses different common apps, moves and aligns windows, and fires some small scripts that I’ve written.
I mostly used it to switch between my terminal and my browser in my work as a front-end developer. Using iTerm’s non-native full screen, it meant I could have a focused full screen environment without the .25s animation that goes with OSX’s built in full screen. Once you try it, you can’t go back to CMD+TAB.
I have gone through several different versions of the “Hyper” setup. Originally, I followed the original blog post to the letter, using Keyboard Maestro. Later I rebuilt it using Alfred workflows… mostly to try and cut down on the amount of applications I was using. Both of these were a little slow.
Since discovering hammerspoon, I’ve been using that as an abstraction layer to fire and control my mac from my keyboard. It’s been way faster for app switching than Keyboard Maestro or Alfred, and because it’s code I can check it into git and sync it between my work and home computer.
My full hammerspoon config is here. A quick walkthrough:
My main configuration file is init.lua. It contains a list of applications. I can set what monitor I prefer them to be on for my window manager, I can set a hotkey for launching/focus, and I can also set a list of hotkeys I want to make available for use inside that application, all under my Hyper layer.
There is a plethora of keyboard shortcuts on OSX, and using the Hyper key layer means that I can have universal shortcuts that work regardless of what application I have focused without worrying about accidentally doing something in my current application.
When an F19 key is pressed, hyper.lua is listening and invokes a layer that fires actions based on the list in init.lua. If the application for which the shortcut key is pressed isn’t open, it opens it and then presses the key again. This lets me have a button that always opens a new Drafts.app draft or a new Tweetbot tweet… even if the application isn’t open yet.
I also make the hyper layer available to my scripts for moving windows and starting timers, so that they are always one key away, no matter what application I’m in. I’ve detailed the pomodoro timer elsewhere, but the move windows script is partially written by Tom Miller with some modifications by me.
Thanks to some help from @megalithic and nice people using hammerspoon I also have hammerspoon automatically throwing applications to the windows I prefer them to live as soon as I add or remove a monitor. This is very handy for when I come back to my workstation after being in a meeting.
The latest addition is a simple script that connects/disconnects my Airpods with a single button.
Keyboard Interfaces to other Applications
I’ve been using an app launcher for a long time. I think I heard Merlin Mann talk about the quicksilver talk at google on an old Macbreak Weekly. I believe the dev was subsequently hired by google, but that video alone made me buy a Mac as my next computer.
Since then I’ve used Quicksilver, Launchbar, and now Alfred. For more information about why Alfred and an overview of the general usefulness of Alfred, check out the excellent review over at the sweetsetup, but here are a few of the more esoteric things I use it for:
- Switching audio inputs
- Slack-style emojis everywhere via snippets
- Clipboard history/merging
- Color picking
- Access to Dash.app
- Toggling my OSX theme from Dark/Light… why not!
I really like Vim’s modal interface. I’ve found that Vim’s shortcuts are in my fingers and therefore I tend to use it everywhere that I can.
There’s an awesome family of plugins for web browsers that bring some of those
shortcuts to vim, both in terms of search and scrolling, but also interacting
with links. I mostly use it to navigate, using the
f operator to open links
that are interesting to me.
I’m constantly surprised that it has an actual killring register separate from the built in clipboard. It’s occasionally very handy.
OSX Keyboard Pref Pane
I do have one more configuration trick: I use the built-in keyboard shortcuts pane to rebind keys. There’s a bit of a trick to it, you have to put in the precise name of the Menu item and a keyboard shortcut… even counts ellipsis or specific possessive apostrophes. I’ll rebind some keys to more familiar positions, or more often unbind shortcuts that interfere with OSX’s built in readline shortcuts. (Looking at you, Sketch.app!)
OSX Help Menu
I’ve known this one for a long
but a lot of people haven’t realized: if you hit
CMD+?) in most OSX apps it’ll focus the search box in the Help menu. It
searches every menubar in the application. I originally used it to find
things in Photoshop that I had forgotten where they were… but now I just use
it to quickly access the menubar.
Apparently there’s a way to do this even faster/better using BetterTouchTool or Hammerspoon, I may look into that. I’ll use SketchRunner for this in Sketch.app.
I have adopted the ortholinear keyboard full time… and it’s led to a couple interesting changes.
I have a key on the right side of the keyboard that converts a portion of the right side to a tenkey, making entering numbers a little faster with one hand. I also have another layer for when I hold the tab key… it makes the top row (QWERT) send CMD+1-4, a common OSX shortcut for switching tabs, focusing certain views… I’ve also bound a couple other convenience functions so that my left hand can reach all the things that I need for designing while my right hand is on my mouse.
There is a layer for gaming too if I’m using a 4x12 board, but that’s another blog post.
After typing portions of this into slack a few times, I finally decided to put it all in one article… at least for now. It’ll change in another year I’m sure. Regardless of what parts you decide to implement and how, I think that being efficient with tasks through automation or scripting can make you a more effective information worker. The parts that I can’t do without anymore:
- jumping to apps
- searching for/inside files quickly and acting on them
I think that a decade of tweaking how I move between programs on my computer has landed me in a good place, I’m now more interested in doing more automation for repetitive or predictable tasks. Stay tuned!
- A Modern Space Cadet / Steve Losh
- A Hyper Key with Karabiner Elements, full instructions - BrettTerpstra.com
- dotfiles/hammerspoon at master · megalithic/dotfiles · GitHub
2020-09-28 14:20:43 +0000
Change repo name
I decided to change the name of my hammerspoon configuration repo to
`hammerspoon-config` to avoid confusion... it's not the actual
hammerspoon executable, it's a configuration for that executable.
2020-06-18 19:26:02 +0000
Move everything to CST
Don't know why I didn't do that before. It caused _no_ end of
2019-11-15 01:33:21 +0000
Auditing the tags in the site...
Many removed, cleaned up, or renamed.
Tags with only one child got yanked.
2019-04-04 17:36:32 +0000
Mention my other weird QMK layers
2019-04-04 03:41:34 +0000
Remove broken image
2019-04-04 02:25:21 +0000
Write Keyboard blogpost